It’s simply a means to an end, not an end in itself. It is one of several methods designed to help unit leadership carry out the aims and mission of Scout BSA.
Advancement is the process by which scout progresses from rank to rank. Like other educational opportunities, a rank or award is not the end of the learning process. Advancement is the method by which we promote and encourage the ongoing involvement and commitment that keeps members coming back for more.
In training sessions, scouts are introduced first to a scout skill before they have a chance to practice their skills. Scouts may participate in games that may mimic “real-life” outdoor situations so that their skills are honed over time.
In Scouting, after a requirement has been passed, the Scout is placed in practical situations that build retention through repeated use of skills and to teach others using the EDGE method.
Advancement Is Based on Experiential Learning:
Personal Growth Is the Primary Goal
Advancement is not a competition
1. The Scout learns. A Scout learns by doing. As he/she learns, he/she grows in ability to do his/hjer part as a member of the patrol and the troop. As he/she develops knowledge and skill, he/she is asked to teach others; and in this way he/she begins to develop leadership.
2. The Scout is tested. A Scout may be tested on rank requirements by his/her patrol leader, Scoutmaster, assistant Scoutmaster, a troop committee member, or a member of his/her troop. The Scoutmaster maintains a list of those qualified to give tests and to pass candidates. The Scout's merit badge counselor teaches and tests on the requirements for merit badges. Please note that a “test”or khao sat, is not equivalent to a “challenge”, or thu thach. A Scout can be challenged by, and at the discretion of the leaders to test his/her readiness or commitment to the rank that he/she has worked on.
3. The Scout is reviewed. After a Scout has completed all requirements for a rank, he/she has scoutmaster conference and a board of review. The scoutmaster conference is with the either the Scoutmaster or Assistant Scoutmaster, whereas the Board of Review is conducted by members of the troop committee. Scoutmaster or Assistant Scoutmasters don’t participate in the Board of Review. The Eagle Scout board of review is conducted in accordance with local council procedures (for example at the Pacifica District of Orange County Council).
4. The Scout is recognized. When the board of review has certified a Scout's advancement, he/she deserves to receive recognition as soon as possible. This should be done at a ceremony at the next troop meeting. The certificate for his/her new rank may be presented later at a formal court of honor.